Georgia is no stranger to thunderstorms, lightning, and
tornados. If you’re a resident of Georgia, you’ve probably observed lightning
in a thunderstorm and just how powerful and terrifying it can be.
Like plumbing, electricity is one of the most cherished modern-day conveniences.
Without it, we wouldn’t be able to light our
businesses, cool our food, run our dishwashers, pay our bills online, and rely on
the banks to closely and accurately calculate our balances and manage
What is electricity exactly? In simple terms, it’s a type of energy
that can accumulate in one place or it can flow from one place to another.
There are two types of electricity:
static electricity and
current electricity. So, what’s the difference between the two?
Static vs. Current Electricity
Static and current electricity are how they sound: The word “static”
refers to something that does not move, whereas current electricity has
to do with something that travels and moves. Here are some examples:
- With a storm, when static electricity builds up it turns into current electricity
and creates lightning. So, lighting is initially caused by static electricity.
- When you rub a balloon against your sweater 20 or 30 times, the balloon
will eventually stick to you because the rubbing has created a small electrical
charge. By doing this, the sweater builds up an opposite electrical charge,
which makes the balloon stick to the sweater like a magnet. This is a
form of static electricity.
- When you walk across a nylon carpet and you touch something metal, you
can feel an electric shock in your hand. When you walked across the rug,
your feet rubbed against it and created an electrical charge buildup in
your body. As you touched the metal, the charge ran to the Earth, causing
the electrical shock sensation that you felt in your hand. This is static
With current electricity, electrons (the tiny electrically-charged particles
that float around atoms) move and in effect, electrical energy travels;
this process is called current electricity. Electrical currents
traveland they are responsible for powering all of the electrical appliances
and devices in your home from flat screen TVs to coffee makers to washing
machines and laptops.
3 Signs of a Home Electrical Problem
For an electrical current to occur, there has to be what’s called
a circuit. What is a circuit? It refers to a path or a loop that the electrical
current flows. Circuits can be created by linking electrical components
with wire cables. If you switch on a light, electricity is flowing through
the circuit, but if there is a break in the circuit, the electricity cannot
flow and it will stop. For example, if a
wire is broken in a lamp, it won’t work.